A Closer Look at the Immunization Schedule for Infants

A Closer Look at the Immunization Schedule for Infants

For newborns, breast milk helps protect against many diseases. However, after an infant is weaned off, vaccines can help prevent a large number of serious diseases.

The schedule of recommended vaccines may vary depending on your location, available vaccines, and your infant’s health. Fortunately, you don’t have to keep track of all the necessary vaccines.

Our providers at Bethel Family Medicine keep a record of children’s immunizations. Read on to find out what type of immunizations are given to infants and when. 

Vaccines given at birth

Your child may receive the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth. Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis virus, and it can transmit from mother to child.

Although most mothers get tested for Hepatitis B during pregnancy, these tests can be faulty, which makes the hepatitis B vaccine essential to preserving an infant’s health. 

Children receive a second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine one to two months after the first one. 

Vaccines given two months after birth 

Two months after birth, your child receives a series of vaccines, though some of these are combined into one shot. These include vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, poliomyelitis, rotavirus, and various viruses that cause pneumonia. 

Diphtheria is caused by the Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria, and it can lead to symptoms such as inflammation in the throat, tissue death in the tonsil area, and a grey membrane in the tonsil area. When left untreated, it can cause blockages in the airways. 

Tetanus is a disease caused by the bacteria Clostridium tetani. Those infected with this bacteria may experience painful contractions in the neck and jaw. These contractions can cause serious breathing problems. Medical experts treat tetanus with antibiotics and muscle relaxers. 

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a disease that can cause fever, muscle cramps, neck stiffness, back stiffness, and paralysis (in rare cases). There’s no cure for polio, and vaccines are the only way to prevent the disease. 

Rotavirus is a virus that causes diarrhea and dehydration. Although it’s not serious in adults, dehydration can be serious and require hospitalization in infants due to their low weight. 

Vaccines given at four, six, and 18 months after birth

Many vaccines given in the first two months of life require boosters. Therefore, in the following appointments, our specialists repeat some of the vaccines given to your child previously. 

However, a year after birth, your child may also receive the measles, chickenpox, and flu vaccines. 

Learn more about your infant’s immunization schedule 

If you have questions about immunizations, or if you simply want to make sure your child is up to date with their immunizations, contact us to schedule an appointment. Our team is more than happy to examine your infant’s records and let you know if any immunizations are necessary at this time. 

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